Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi raji’un, commonly known as Istirja (Arabic: Istirj), is a command from the Quran for Muslims. It is given in the second surah of the Quran and means, “Surely, we belong to Allah, and surely to Him do we return.”
Muslims frequently say this verse as a gesture of patience and a recognition that God is the Almighty and will not subject them to greater hardship than they can withstand, especially when they learn bad news about themselves or another. Muslims typically use it as well when someone passes away.
What Is Istirja Inna lillahi Wa Inna Ilayhi Rajiun?
Inna lillahi Wa Inna Ilayhi Rajiun is a Quranic verse number 156 contained in paragraph two of Surah Al Baqarah. When Muslims hear about someone’s death, they frequently recite this verse from the Quran. This expression is also used by those who have tragic experiences.
A hadith urges us to recite the salutation Istirja, Inna Lillahi Wa Inna Ilayhi Rajioon.
The Prophet (PBUH) also said,
“Allah says, ‘When I take the prized one from this world of one of my believing worshippers, and when that believing worshipper then seeks reward from me (for that calamity), there is no other reward for him except Paradise.’
Death Full Dua & its Meaning In Arabic and English
This complete Quranic verse is
إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَإِنَّ إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ
Translation: “Those who, when trouble visits them, they say, ‘Verily we belong to Allah, and verily to Him, we will have to return.’
The meaning of Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi raji’un is as follows:
|Inna||Truly, Indeed, surely, verily ‘we’|
|Lillahi||We belong to Allah|
|Wa Inna||Wa means ‘and’; Inna means ‘indeed’|
When to Say Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi raji’un
First and foremost, it is essential to realize that reciting Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi raji’un is not just permitted after learning of someone’s passing. However, you can use it whenever you are faced with sorrow or tragedy, regardless of the circumstance.
According to Hadith:
Hadhrat Salma stated that she heard Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) saying, “a Muslim who recites Inna lillahiwa Inna ilayhi rajioon is never put into distress, and Allah compensate him for the endured misery.” (Sahih Muslim)
The passage can be said in the midst of any catastrophe, pain, stress, or other circumstance that requires patience and puts your faith in Allah to the test.
This passage has been quoted by Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) numerous times and in various contexts.
Benefits of Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi raji’un
Every sentence in the Quran and hadith is essential and has excellent value for people. To ask Allah for assistance in a difficult situation or to express gratitude for His mercy in a happy one, we should recite certain verses and dua as directed by Allah and His Beloved Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).
1. Allah Renews the Reward for Suffering
Husayn ibn Ali (R.A) narrated:
The Prophet (PBUH) said:
“Whoever was stricken with a calamity and when he remembers it he says ‘Inna lillahi, wa inna ilayhi raji’un (Truly, to Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return),’ even though it happened a long time ago, Allah will record for him a reward like that of the day it occurred him. (Sunan Ibn Majah 1600)
Umar bin Abu Salamah narrated from his mother,
That Prophet (P.B.U.H) said:
When a calamity strikes one of you, then let him say: ‘Indeed, to Allah we belong and to Him we shall return. O Allah, I seek reward with you for my affliction, so reward me for it, and replace it for me with something better (Innā lillāhi wa innā ilaihi rāji`ūn, Allāhumma `indaka aḥtasibu muṣībatī fa’jurnī fīhā wa abdilnī minhā Khair).’” When the time of death was near Abu Salamah, he said: ‘O Allah, replace me for my wife, with better than me.” So when he died, Umm Salamah said: “Indeed, to Allah we belong and to Him we shall return. I seek reward with Allah for my affliction, so reward me for it.” (Jami` at-Tirmidhi 3511).