MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, and lasting five years. To produce qualified medical professionals, it combines both theoretical knowledge and practical training. Reputable medical schools approved by the Pakistan Medical Commission (PMC) provide MBBS programs in Pakistan, guaranteeing compliance with national regulations. Becoming a doctor is one of the most honorable professions in the world. Pakistani society places a high value on medical education, and MBBS is one of the most sought-after degrees.  The scope of MBBS in Pakistan is vast, offering opportunities in clinical practice, medical research, and healthcare administration. Graduates can work in public and private hospitals, pursue specializations, or engage in teaching and academic roles.

Career Prospects for MBBS Graduates in Pakistan

Graduates in Pakistan with an MBBS degree have a variety of job options:

1. Clinical Practice

A lot of graduates decide to specialize in cardiology, neurology, surgery, or other specialties, or they become general practitioners. Although specialization gives more skill and income potential, it also necessitates further education and training.

2. Jobs in Government

There are openings in government health departments, hospitals, and public health groups. These positions frequently offer security, perks, and chances for professional growth.

The salary of a government medical officer is about 120,000. A house officer earns 70,000 whereas a PG training earns 100,000—the salary increases along with an increase in grade and service.

3. Private Practice

Depending on patient volume and region, opening private clinics or joining private hospitals offers autonomy and maybe higher revenue.

However, for working in private medical setups, the salary of an MO and PG training is 70,000 and 50,000 respectively.

4. Academics and Research

Taking up research projects or academic roles in medical schools advances the field and increases knowledge. Working in the field of research boosts your CV and helps you stay updated with the advancing world.

5. Global Prospects

Some graduates look into chances overseas, either for continued education or to practice medicine in nations where medical experts are in high demand. For this, they have to pass International licensing exams like PLAB, USMLE AMC, etc. These exams are for the UK, USA and Australia respectively. Doctors in these countries are highly paid. Their salaries may range from PKR 1,300,000 to 4,500,000 depending on the country and field you are in.

6. Effects on the Community

MBBS graduates make sure to enhance public health and healthcare delivery in Pakistan. They help make healthcare services more widely available, especially in underserved and rural areas. They lower the burden of diseases by promoting preventive healthcare practices through community outreach and patient education.

Challenges MBBS Graduates Face

Although the field appears promising, MBBS graduates have to face a few challenges, as described below:

1. Competitive Job Market

There may be competition for jobs, particularly in urban regions, or popular specializations.

2. Continuing Education

Specialization frequently necessitates more time and resources, like funds for conveyance and other necessities.

3. Long Working Hours

MBBS doctors have long working hours ranging from 6 hours to 30 hours duties varying according to the hospital. However, in general, every doctor has 6 hours of day duty six days a week along with one or two call duties that last for 30 hours.

Prerequisites of MBBS Admission in Pakistan

The following standards are commonly included in admissions for MBBS programs in Pakistan; these may differ significantly according to the province and medical college:

1. Academic prerequisites

Candidates must possess an intermediate qualification (FSc Pre-Medical) or an equivalent qualification A-levels, that includes biology, chemistry, and physics/mathematics as core topics.

The minimum percentage needed varies, but it typically ranges from 60 to 65 percent of total marks. However, the merit for government colleges is 90%+, and for private medical colleges, it lies around 82%+.

2. Medical College Admission Test (MCAT)

This is a common entrance examination administered by specific medical institutions or the provincial government. It evaluates the applicants’ English, physics/math, chemistry, and biology knowledge. One of the most important factors in deciding admissions eligibility is the MCAT score. The aggregate consists of the scores of undergraduate and MCAT altogether.

3. Additional prerequisites

The applicants need to have a domicile and must be medically and mentally fit. The age limit is 25 and for further assessment, several medical colleges interview applicants to check their aptitude for the field, drive to pursue an MBBS, and communication skills.

4. Admissions Process

Applicants must complete the form offered by the centralized admission body or the specific medical college. By the college’s guidelines, applicants must submit attested copies of their educational records, proof of residency, MCAT results, and any other necessary paperwork.

5. Merit List

Medical institutions release merit lists of chosen applicants following an evaluation of applications based on academic credentials, MCAT results, and additional factors. The merit is usually high and therefore, the competition is tough.

6. Enrollment and Fee Payment

To reserve a spot, chosen candidates must pay the admission fee within the allotted period. After that, they formally enroll in the MBBS program.

For government medical colleges, the fee is almost negligible. However, for private medical colleges, it lies around PKR 1,800,000 to 2,400,000 per annum.

7. MBBS Course Study

The course comprises 5 years of theoretical studies that are divided into nonclinical and clinical years. The first and second years are nonclinical and the third, fourth, and final years are clinical. Additionally, all MBBS graduates must complete one year of clinical internship that may be paid or unpaid depending on the teaching institute you are in.

Pakistan’s MBBS program aims to give students a comprehensive education in the medical sciences so they can become qualified doctors. The curriculum integrates academic knowledge with hands-on training via clinical rotations, with a focus on professional and ethical behavior.

Graduates of the program can diagnose, treat, and manage a variety of medical diseases, improving healthcare services in Pakistan and abroad. This is made possible by the courses they learned throughout the program.


MBBS is a highly honorable profession and pays you well in the long run. Although it involves a lot of studying, research, and practice you can secure a reputable and stable job. There are many medical fields and specialties after MBBS that you can pursue. Overall, it supports a productive, well-paid, and respectable future.