CSS stands for Competitive Superior Services.  This is a test through which an individual can get a civil job. It is recognized as one of the best appealing experiences of one’s life that we can have. The test is conducted in different phases to test your aptitude, knowledge, and proficiency in your different subjects. To pass the CSS exam, you must have a sharp mind, be knowledgeable, and be well-informed. You must have to be creative enough to refine your bookish knowledge in such a way that it will ensure your success in the exams.

CSS in Pakistan

With the passage of time, the applicant pool wishing to compete in competitive tests has risen significantly, but only a small fraction of them have been successful in completing the examinations with the highest possible scores and obtaining employment in the government sector.

What is CSS Syllabus?

The syllabus and material related to CSS are revised by FPSC each year and different aspects of current, practical issues have been added to it.  It makes the selection of subjects for CSS easy. The syllabus of CSS is a roadmap for the preparation of CSS as it includes the list of all subjects as well as the contents for each subject. Here we will discuss the written exam pattern of the compulsory subjects:

1. English Precis

The English Precis exam is comprised of multiple parts including précis writing, reading comprehension, grammar and vocabulary, corrections, pair of words, and translation. It is said to be a tricky paper as it includes so many parts and needs clarity of content and data.

2. English Essay

In this exam, students are provided with around 7 to 8 topics and they have to write and brief and comprehensive essay on any one or two topics while covering all the historical and future aspects of it.

3. General Science and Ability

This paper required you to be more vigilant in your knowledge of sciences including environmental, physical, food, biological sciences, and information technology. The next part of 40 marks is added including the content to analyze your analytical skills, quantitative reasoning, and mental abilities.

4. Current Affairs

It is a bit broad-level exam that required you to keep a bull eye view of all the current and foreign issues. It includes questions related to Pakistan’s domestic affairs, Pakistan International affairs, and global issues. I required you to state the proper reasoning behind your discussion with suitable facts and measures.

5. Pakistan Affairs

It included the question related to the history and upcoming future of Pakistan that how we can survive in the upcoming practical era of science and advancement and our history. It further asks you questions related to internal issues like wars, global relations, Kashmir issues, and more.

6. Islamic Studies

As Pakistan is an Islamic country so every participant needs to be clear about paper who has complete knowledge of all the Islamic history or culture and norms. It includes the questions related to the history of Islam, women’s rights, our civilization and culture, the Islamic World, the Islamic code of life, and Sirah of our Holy Prophet (PBUH).

7. Comparative studies

FPSC provides a choice for the Non-Muslims to be a part of this exam instead of Islamic studies and this paper asks questions about introduction, Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Judaism, and basics of Islam.

These are all some of the basic detail that anyone or especially the beginner needs to know about it. Not only this, the detail of all the other subjects and some rules and regulations of this examination is provided here in detail, you must visit to know more about it.

CSS Subject Details

Following are the details of the written examination:

  1. CSS written exam is comprised of 12 subjects as a whole in which 6 subjects are compulsory and 6 subjects are optional.
  2. Total marks are 1200 and each subject paper is100 marks.
  3. The exam is comprised of both objective and subjective parts.
  4. Candidates must secure 40% in compulsory and 33% in optional subjects to be successful.

Students can opt for any of the elective subjects from the given list of subjects given by FPSC. Following is the subject list in detail:

Compulsory Subjects (Marks 600)

No.Subject NameMarks
1.English (Precis and Composition)100
2.English Essay100
3.Current Affairs100
4.Pakistan Affairs100
5.General Science and Ability100
6.Islamic Studies or Comparative Studies/

Major Religions (For Non-Muslims)

 Total Marks600

Optional Subjects (Marks 600)

In the Elective subjects list, students are provided with multiple groups and students can opt for any subject from the list of their own interests and choice.

Group 1:

(One subject comprised of 200 marks can be selected by the candidate)

No.Subject’s NameMarks
2.Accounting & Auditing200
3.Political sciences200
4.Computer Science200
5.International Relations200

Group 2:

(subject(s) of 200 marks can be selected by the candidate)

No.Subject’s NameMarks
3.Pure Mathematics100
4.Applied Mathematics100

Group 3:

(One subject of 100 marks can be selected)

No.Subject’s NameMarks
1.Public Administration100
2.Governance & Public Policies100
3.Town Planning & Urban Management100
4.Business Administration100

 Group 4:

(One subject of 100 marks can be selected)

No.Subject’s NameMarks
1.British History100
2.History of Pakistan & India100
3.European History100
4.Islamic History & Culture100
5.History of the USA100

Group 5:

(One subject of 100 marks can be selected)

No.Subject’s NameMarks
1.Agriculture & Forestry100
4.Environmental Sciences100
5.Gender Studies100
6.Urdu Literature100
7.English Literature100

 Group 6:

(One subject of 100 marks can be selected)

No.Subject’s NameMarks
2.International Law100
3.Constitutional Law100
4.Mercantile Law100
5.Muslim & Jurisprudence100

Group 7:

(One subject of 100 marks can be selected)

No.Subject’s NameMarks
11.Journalism & Mass Communication100
Things to remember:
  1. The subject of 100 marks is comprised of a single paper but the subject of 200 marks will be comprised of 2 papers.
  2. Language papers have to be attempted by the candidate in the same language.

What is CSS for?

Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC) in Pakistan takes the CSS exam to employ qualified candidates for the civil jobs under Federal Government. It is a professional and competitive exam. Candidates are eager to clear this examination as it is a career-making milestone in the direction of a remarkable future.

This examination is open to all people from all around the world. They want to work in a bureaucratic or some other kind of high-ranking post.

What is CSS Exam?

CSS exam is personally conducted by FPSC (Federal Public Service Commission) Islamabad. It is conducted for recruitment and selection of all the best candidates for the post of BS-17 for various sectors including:

  • Commerce and Trade
  • Excise and taxation
  • Information group
  • Foreign affairs
  • Office management
  • Pakistan Audit & Accounts services
  • Postal services group

Parts of Examination:

Students have to appear in the following test to qualify for it including:

  1. Written Examination
  2. Medical Test
  3. Psychological Test
  4. Viva Voice

Eligibility Criteria for CSS:

Following are some points that a person must fulfill to be eligible for the CSS examination or CSS registration:

  1. The candidate must be a citizen of Pakistan or a permanent resident of Jammu Kashmir.
  2. One can apply for this exam from the age of 21—30 years. In the case of Government employees, the age limit is from 21—to 32.
  3. The candidate must have a Bachelor’s degree with second division from any of Pakistan’s reputed universities.
  4. One candidate can not appear in exams more than three-time.

Scope and Job Opportunities of CSS

Because the CSS provides applicants with a broad breadth and a variety of work prospects, it has been a popular choice after graduating. Applicants who plan to take the CSS examination and need help are welcome to use this site, where they may get all the necessary information without any hassle. Many people are perplexed as to where they should begin their CSS preparation and what measures they should take before sitting for the tests.

The jobs of CSS provide plenty of opportunities, skills, and abilities and a respectable future afterward. That’s the main reason that around 12,000 candidates appear in this test every year. Almost 400/ 500 students clear the written examination and started their journey of interviews and from which around 125/ 150 candidates are finalized for the jobs.

Important dates for CSS Aspirants

Following are some important dates to consider:

  1. The application submission period started from October to November.
  2. Exams are conducted in February.
  3. The examination fee is Rs. 2200/-

Few Tips to Pass CSS

  • CSS is a means to shape your destiny the way you want it to be, but with a little more oomph. So, throughout your graduation, attempt to pick topics that would allow you to take CSS tests.
  • Choose CSS Examinations courses that you have already explored throughout your degree, keeping your interests in mind.
  • Select subjects in which you have prior experience.
  • Maintain current understanding of current affairs, Islam, Pakistan, and general knowledge.
  • You learn how to analyze your thoughts if you’re using your abilities to their full potential. This might help you achieve your CSS goals, so put out the effort to study creative writing.
  • Improve your historical and Pak studies expertise to further your career.
  • Learn more about general information.
  • Previous papers are quite useful. Try to solve as many as possible. You must tackle papers from the last five years.
  • Using former papers, practice spending your time and answering each question in a timely manner. For solving a paper, practice for 3 hours per day. Reviewing previous papers might help you figure out which areas need more attention.
  • If you really want to improve your CSS skills, the greatest places to start are grammar and vocabulary.
  • Reading newspapers and books might help you improve your grammar and vocabulary.
  • The CNN and BBC stations are quite beneficial in terms of vocabulary acquisition. Keep an eye on them on a daily basis.
  • A good writer is always a good reader, and I try to read the English newspaper every day. Get a good grasp of the English language.


Completing CSS is the dream of many students but still, it is a game of severe competition as securing high marks out of 12000 candidates is a tricky task. Still due to the devotion, passion, and hard work the dream comes true for many CSS aspirants each year. To be successful in these examinations, one must try to be more precise about his/her studies while keeping in view the proper timetable and her/ his diet.

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