Do you know how many Makki and Madani Surah are there in the Quran? The Quran contains 114 Surahs in total(one hundred and one forty-four). 89 surahs are Makki and 25 surahs are madani.

There are 114 chapters in the Quran, some of which are Makki and some of which are Madani. The Quran is Islam’s sacred literature, a book that Muslims believe was revealed by Allah.

The word “Quran” literally means “recitation.” Ayats are the verses that make up each surah. In the Quran, certain surahs are Makki surahs and others are Madani surahs.

Difference Between Makki & Madni Surahs?

We will explain the fundamental differences between the Makki and Madani Surahs. As both Makki and Madani Surah have traits that distinguish them from one another.

During the month of Ramadan, the Quran was revealed to the Holy Prophet PBUH for the first time. The first revelation consists of the first five ayahs of Surah Alaq or Iqra, the 96th Surah. After a brief pause, angel Jibrail arrived and recited to the Holy Prophet PBUH the first few ayahs of the 74th Surah (Surah Mudassir). For the next twenty-three years, revelations continued in Makkah and Madinah.

Makki Surah In Quran

The Holy Quran’s Surahs are classified as Makki or Madni depending on when they were revealed.  The Holy Prophet PBUH spent the first thirteen years of his mission in Makkah, and all surahs during this time are referred to as Makki.

Every Surah that has a Sajdah is a Makki Surah. Except for Surah Al-Baqarah, every Surah in which the tale of Adam (A.S) and Iblis (Shaitan) is mentioned is Makki.

Makki Surah refers to surahs having brief verses, a strong rhetorical style, and a rhythmic sound.

The Makki surahs are short and deal with faith in Allah, the Day of Judgement, reward and punishment, and heaven and hell. They are concerned with moral character and offer a call to virtue.

Characteristics of Makki Surahs

Makki Surahs are usually short. They generally state the following:

  • Belief in Allah’s unification.
  • Belief in the Day of Judgement
  • Belief in good deeds being rewarded and bad deeds being punished.
  • Belief in the existence of Heaven and Hell.
  • A person’s moral character.
  • Invitation to virtue.
  • These surahs contain the verses for which Sujud is required.
  • The verses that begin with the word “Never!” (Arabic: kalla) and the verses that come before and after it are Makki.
  • Muqatta’at is the first sura in this collection.
  • These surahs are short, and the verses are as well.
  • Makki surahs are primarily concerned with monotheism, denouncing polytheism.
  • In the verses, there is very little legislation.
  • These verses contain numerous references to prophetic stories (Qisas al-Anbiya).
  • The eloquence of the verses is amazing.
  • “O mankind!” and “O Children of Adam!” are the most common greetings in the passages.

Madani Surah In Quran:

The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) relocated to the city of Madina. And the surahs revealed during his ten years there are known as Madni Surahs. Surahs from Madina focused on establishing Islamic rules, monetary transactions, ethics, family laws, morals, and the relationship between Islam and Muslims and other global religions. The principal sign of Madani Surah is that contains permission for “jihad” or an explanation of its injunctions.

Similarly, every verse that names hypocrites is a Madani Surah, and every verse that mentions the People of the Book is a Madani Surah, with debates with the People of the Book (Jews, Christians). Madani surahs are usually quite long.

Characteristics of Madani Surah

Madani Surah Characteristics are substantially different from Makki Surah Characteristics. These chapters are also usually quite long. They include:

  • Social responsibilities and obligations
  • Permission and Jihad-related commandments.
  • These surahs largely describe the obligations and punishments (hadd).
  • The fundamental characteristics of these surahs are that they express social, legal, governmental, and war and peace rules.
  • The suras are long, and the verses are longer.
  • The first verse begins with the line “O you who believe!”
  • The incorrect ideas of “people of the book” (Arabic: Christians and Jews) are outlined in these verses, and they are then called to Islam.
  • The verses describe the hypocrites’ (Munafiqun) status and deeds, as well as the Prophet’s (s) and Muslims’ attitudes toward them.

The aforementioned traits are not exact and are not always true, and there are exceptions to each of them. Surah al-Baqara (Qur’an 2), for example, tells the story of Prophet Adam (a), but it is not Makki. Surah al-Nasr (Qur’an 110) is short, as are its verses and the state of the surah is similar to the Makki ones, but it is Madani.

Disputed Surahs

Surahs that were partially revealed in Makkah and partially revealed in Medina are disputed Surahs.

There are a total of 82 undisputed Makki Surahs in the Quran, as well as 20 undisputed Madani Surahs. Twelve surahs are disputed, with certain parts revealed in Makkah and the rest in Medina.

As there are 114 surahs in the Quran we have made this table of the total number of Makki and Madani surahs in the Quran, and the number of verses in each surah. In contrast, we have also mentioned the disputed surahs that were revealed in both Makkah & Madina.

List Of Makki and Madni Surah In the Quran

Sura No. Sura Name Makki or Madani No. of Verses Disagreement?
1 Al-Fatiha (The Opening) Makki 7 Disputed
2 Al Baqarah (TheCow) Madani 286
3 Al Imran (TheFamilyof’Imraan) Madani 200
4 Nisaaa’ (Women) Madani 176
5 Maaa-‘idah (TheTableSpread) Madani 120
6 ‘An-‘aam (Cattle) Makki 165
7 ‘A’-raaf (TheHeights) Makki 206
8 ‘Anfaal (SpoilsofWar) Madani 75
9 Tawbah (Repentance) Madani 129
10 Yunus (Jonah) Makki 109
11 Huud (Hud) Makki 123
12 Yusuf (Joseph) Makki 111
13 Ra’d (TheThunder) Madani 43 Disputed
14 ‘Ibraahim (Abraham) Makki 52
15 ‘Al-Hijr (TheRockyTract) Makki 99
16 Nahl (TheBee) Makki 128 Disputed
17 Bani-‘Is-raaa-‘iil (TheChildrenof’Israel) Makki 111
18 Al Kahf (TheCave) Makki 110
19 Maryam (Mary) Makki 98
20 Taha (Ta-Ha) Makki 135
21 ‘Ambiyaa’ (TheProphets) Makki 112
22 Hajj (ThePilgrimage) Madani 78 Disputed
23 Mu’-minuun (The Believers) Makki 118
24 Nuur (Light) Madani 64
25 Furqaan (The Criterion of Right and Wrong) Makki 77
26 Shu-‘araaa’ (ThePoets) Makki 227
27 Naml (TheAnt) Makki 93
28 Qasas (TheStory) Makki 88
29 ‘Ankabut (TheSpider) Makki 69 Disputed
30 Ruum (Romans) Makki 60
31 Luqmaan (Luqman) Makki 34
32 Sajdah (TheProstration) Makki 30
33 ‘Ahzaab (TheClans) Madani 73
34 Saba’ (Saba) Makki 54
35 Faatir (TheAngels) Makki 45
36 Yaseen (YaSin) Makki 83
37 Sahafat (ThoseWhoSetTheRanks) Makki 182
38 Saaad (Saad) Makki 88
39 Zumar (TheTroops) Makki 75
40 Mu’min (TheBeliever) Makki 85
41 Fussilat (TheyareExpounded) Makki 54
42 Shuurah (Counsel) Makki 53
43 Zukhruf(Ornaments of Gold) Makki 89
44 Dukhaan (Smoke) Makki 59
45 Jasiyah (Crouching) Makki 37
46 ‘Ahqaf (TheWind-CurvedSandhills) Makki 35
47 Muhammad (Muhammad) Madani 38 Disputed
48 Fat-h (Victory) Madani 29
49 Hujurat (ThePrivateApartments) Madani 18
50 Qaaaf (Qaf) Makki 45
51 Zaarayaat (TheWinnowingWinds) Makki 60
52 Tuur (TheMount) Makki 49
53 Najm (TheStar) Makki 62
54 Qamar (TheMoon) Makki 55
55 Ar Rahman (TheBenficent) Madani 78 Disputed
56 Waaqi-‘ah (TheEvent) Makki 96
57 Hadiid (Iron) Madani 29
58 Majaadalah (SheThatDisputeth) Madani 22
59 Hashr (Exile) Madani 24
60 Mumtahanah (SheThatIsToBe Examined) Madani 13
61 Saff (TheRanks) Madani 14 Disputed
62 Jumu-‘ah (TheCongregation) Madani 11
63 Munafiqun (TheHypocrites) Madani 11
64 Taghabun (MutualDisillusion) Madani 18 Disputed
65 Talaq (Divorce) Madani 12
66 Tahriim (Banning) Madani 12
67 Al Mulk (TheSovereignty) Makki 30
68 Qalam (ThePen) Makki 52
69 Haqqah (TheReality) Makki 52
70 Ma-‘aarij (TheAsendingStairways) Makki 44
71 Nuuh (Noah) Makki 28
72 Jinn (TheJinn) Makki 28
73 Muzammil (TheEnshroudedOne) Makki 20
74 Muddassir (The Cloaked One) Makki 56
75 Qiyamah (TheRisingoftheDead) Makki 40
76 ‘InsaanorDahr (TimeorMan) Madani 31 Disputed
77 Mursalat (TheEmissaries) Makki 50
78 Naba’ (TheTidings) Makki 40
79 Naazi-‘aat (ThoseWhoDragForth) Makki 46
80 ‘Abasa (HeFrowned) Makki 42 Disputed
81 Takwir (TheOverthrowing) Makki 29
82 ‘Infitar (TheCleaving) Makki 19
83 Tatfif (Defrauding) Makki 36 Disputed
84 ‘Inshiqaq (TheSundering) Makki 25
85 Buruuj (TheMansionsoftheStars) Makki 22
86 Taariq (TheMorningStar) Makki 17
87 ‘A’-laa (TheMostHigh) Makki 19
88 Ghashiyah (TheOverwhelming) Makki 26
89 Fajr (TheDawn) Makki 30 Disputed
90 Balad (TheCity) Makki 20
91 Shams (TheSun) Makki 15
92 Layl (TheNight) Makki 21 Disputed
93 Zuhaa (TheMorningHours) Makki 11
94 ‘Inshiraah (Solace) Makki 8
95 Tiin (TheFig) Makki 8
96 ‘Alaq (TheCloth) Makki 19
97 Qadr (Power) Makki 5 Disputed
98 Bayyinah (TheClearProof) Madani 8 Disputed
99 Zilzaal (TheEarthquake) Madani 8 Disputed
100 ‘Aadi-yaat (TheCoursers) Makki 11
101 ‘Al-Qari-‘ah (TheCalamity) Makki 11
102 Takasur (RivalryinWorldlyIncrease) Makki 8
103 ‘Asr (TheDecliningDay) Makki 3
104 Humazah (TheTraducer) Makki 9
105 Fil (TheElephant) Makki 5
106 Al Quraish (‘Winter’s Quraysh’) Makki 4
107 Maa-‘uun (SmallKindness) Makki 7
108 Al Kausar (Abundance) Makki 3
109 Kafirun (TheDisbelievers) Makki 6
110 Nasr (Succour) Madani 3 Disputed
111 Lahab (PalmFibre) Makki 5
112 Ikhlas (TheUnity) Makki 4 Disputed
113 Falaq (TheDaybreak) Makki 5 Disputed
114 Naas (Mankind) Makki 6

 

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