Do you know how many Makki and Madani Surah are there in the Quran? The Quran contains 114 Surahs in total(one hundred and fourteen). 89 surahs are Makki and 25 surahs are madani.
There are 114 chapters in the Quran, some of which are Makki and some of which are Madani. The Quran is Islam’s sacred literature, a book that Muslims believe was revealed by Allah.
The word “Quran” literally means “recitation.” Ayats are the verses that make up each surah. In the Quran, certain surahs are Makki surahs and others are Madani surahs.
Difference Between Makki & Madni Surahs?
We will explain the fundamental differences between the Makki and Madani Surahs. As both Makki and Madani Surah have traits that distinguish them from one another.
During the month of Ramadan, the Quran was revealed to the Holy Prophet PBUH for the first time. The first revelation consists of the first five ayahs of Surah Alaq or Iqra, the 96th Surah. After a brief pause, angel Jibrail arrived and recited to the Holy Prophet PBUH the first few ayahs of the 74th Surah (Surah Al-Mudassir). For the next twenty-three years, revelations continued in Makkah and Madinah.
Makki Surah In Quran
The Holy Quran Surahs are classified as Makki or Madni depending on when they were revealed. The Holy Prophet PBUH spent the first thirteen years of his mission in Makkah, and all surahs during this time are referred to as Makki.
Every Surah that has a Sajdah is a Makki Surah. Except for Surah Al-Baqarah, every Surah in which the tale of Adam (A.S) and Iblis (Shaitan) is mentioned is Makki.
Makki Surah refers to surahs having brief verses, a strong rhetorical style, and a rhythmic sound.
The Makki surahs are short and deal with faith in Allah, the Day of Judgement, reward and punishment, and heaven and hell. They are concerned with moral character and offer a call to virtue.
Characteristics of Makki Surahs
Makki Surahs are usually short. They generally state the following:
- Belief in Allah’s unification.
- Belief in the Day of Judgement
- Belief in good deeds being rewarded and bad deeds being punished.
- Belief in the existence of Heaven and Hell.
- A person’s moral character.
- Invitation to virtue.
- These surahs contain the verses for which Sujud is required.
- The verses that begin with the word “Never!” (Arabic: kalla) and the verses that come before and after it are Makki.
- Muqatta’at is the first sura in this collection.
- These surahs are short, and the verses are as well.
- Makki surahs are primarily concerned with monotheism, denouncing polytheism.
- In the verses, there is very little legislation.
- These verses contain numerous references to prophetic stories (Qisas al-Anbiya).
- The eloquence of the verses is amazing.
- “O mankind!” and “O Children of Adam!” are the most common greetings in the passages.
Madani Surah In Quran
The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) relocated to the city of Madina. And the surahs revealed during his ten years there are known as Madni Surahs. Surahs from Madina focused on establishing Islamic rules, monetary transactions, ethics, family laws, morals, and the relationship between Islam and Muslims and other global religions. The principal sign of Madani Surah is that contains permission for “jihad” or an explanation of its injunctions.
Similarly, every verse that names hypocrites is a Madani Surah, and every verse that mentions the People of the Book is a Madani Surah, with debates with the People of the Book (Jews, Christians). Madani surahs are usually quite long.
Characteristics of Madani Surah
Madani Surah Characteristics are substantially different from Makki Surah Characteristics. These chapters are also usually quite long. They include:
- Social responsibilities and obligations
- Permission and Jihad-related commandments.
- These surahs largely describe the obligations and punishments (hadd).
- The fundamental characteristics of these surahs are that they express social, legal, governmental, and war and peace rules.
- The suras are long, and the verses are longer.
- The first verse begins with the line “O you who believe!”
- The incorrect ideas of “people of the book” (Arabic: Christians and Jews) are outlined in these verses, and they are then called to Islam.
- The verses describe the hypocrites’ (Munafiqun) status and deeds, as well as the Prophet’s (s) and Muslims’ attitudes toward them.
The aforementioned traits are not exact and are not always true, and there are exceptions to each of them. Surah al-Baqara (Qur’an 2), for example, tells the story of Prophet Adam (a), but it is not Makki. Surah al-Nasr (Qur’an 110) is short, as are its verses and the state of the surah is similar to the Makki ones, but it is Madani.
Surahs that were partially revealed in Makkah and partially revealed in Medina are disputed Surahs.
There are a total of 82 undisputed Makki Surahs in the Quran, as well as 20 undisputed Madani Surahs. Twelve surahs are disputed, with certain parts revealed in Makkah and the rest in Medina.
As there are 114 surahs in the Quran we have made this table of the total number of Makki and Madani surahs in the Quran, and the number of verses in each surah. In contrast, we have also mentioned the disputed surahs that were revealed in both Makkah & Madina.
List Of Makki and Madni Surah In the Quran
|Sura No.||Sura Name||Makki or Madani||No. of Verses||Disagreement?|
|1||Al-Fatiha (The Opening)||Makki||7||Disputed|
|2||Al Baqarah (TheCow)||Madani||286|
|3||Al Imran (The Family of’ Imraan)||Madani||200|
|5||Al-Maidah (The Table Spread)||Madani||120|
|7||‘A’-raaf (The Heights)||Makki||206|
|8||‘Al-Anfaal (Spoils of War)||Madani||75|
|15||‘Al-Hijr (The Rocky Tract)||Makki||99|
|16||Nahl (The Bee)||Makki||128||Disputed|
|18||Al Kahf (The Cave)||Makki||110|
|21||‘Ambiyaa’ (The Prophets)||Makki||112|
|22||Al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage)||Madani||78||Disputed|
|23||Mu’-minuun (The Believers)||Makki||118|
|25||Al-Furqan (The Criterion of Right and Wrong)||Makki||77|
|26||Shu-‘araaa’ (The Poets)||Makki||227|
|27||An-Naml (The Ant)||Makki||93|
|28||Qasas (The Story)||Makki||88|
|29||‘Ankabut (The Spider)||Makki||69||Disputed|
|32||Sajdah (The Prostration)||Makki||30|
|33||‘Ahzaab (The Clans)||Madani||73|
|35||Faatir (The Angels)||Makki||45|
|37||Sahafat (Those Who Set The Ranks)||Makki||182|
|39||Zumar (The Troops)||Makki||75|
|40||Al-Mu’min (The Believer)||Makki||85|
|41||Fussilat (They are Expounded)||Makki||54|
|43||Zukhruf(Ornaments of Gold)||Makki||89|
|46||‘Ahqaf (The Wind-Curved Sandhills)||Makki||35|
|49||Hujurat (The Private Apartments)||Madani||18|
|51||Zaarayaat (The Winnowing Winds)||Makki||60|
|52||Tuur (The Mount)||Makki||49|
|53||Najm (The Star)||Makki||62|
|54||Al-Qamar (The Moon)||Makki||55|
|55||Ar Rahman (The Benficent)||Madani||78||Disputed|
|58||Majaadalah (She That Disputeth)||Madani||22|
|60||Mumtahanah (She That Is To Be Examined)||Madani||13|
|61||Saff (The Ranks)||Madani||14||Disputed|
|62||Al-Jummah (The Congregation)||Madani||11|
|63||Munafiqun (The Hypocrites)||Madani||11|
|64||Taghabun (Mutual Disillusion)||Madani||18||Disputed|
|67||Al Mulk (The Sovereignty)||Makki||30|
|68||Qalam (The Pen)||Makki||52|
|69||Haqqah (The Reality)||Makki||52|
|70||Ma-‘aarij (The Asending Stairways)||Makki||44|
|73||Muzammil (The Enshrouded One)||Makki||20|
|74||Muddassir (The Cloaked One)||Makki||56|
|75||Qiyamah (The Risingofthe Dead)||Makki||40|
|76||‘InsaanorDahr (Time or Man)||Madani||31||Disputed|
|77||Mursalat (The Emissaries)||Makki||50|
|78||Naba’ (The Tidings)||Makki||40|
|79||Naazi-‘aat (Those Who Drag Forth)||Makki||46|
|80||‘Abasa (He Frowned)||Makki||42||Disputed|
|81||Takwir (The Overthrowing)||Makki||29|
|82||‘Infitar (The Cleaving)||Makki||19|
|84||‘Inshiqaq (The Sundering)||Makki||25|
|85||Buruuj (The Mansions of the Stars)||Makki||22|
|86||Taariq (The Morning Star)||Makki||17|
|87||Al-Ala (The Most High)||Makki||19|
|88||Ghashiyah (The Over whelming)||Makki||26|
|89||Al-Fajr (The Dawn)||Makki||30||Disputed|
|91||Ash-Shams (The Sun)||Makki||15|
|92||Al-Lail (The Night)||Makki||21||Disputed|
|93||Ad-Duha (The Morning Hours)||Makki||11|
|95||Tiin (The Fig)||Makki||8|
|96||Al-Alaq (The Cloth)||Makki||19|
|98||Bayyinah (The Clear Proof)||Madani||8||Disputed|
|99||Zilzaal (The Earthquake)||Madani||8||Disputed|
|100||‘Aadi-yaat (The Coursers)||Makki||11|
|101||‘Al-Qariah (The Calamity)||Makki||11|
|102||Takasur (Rivalry in Worldly Increase)||Makki||8|
|103||Al-Asr (The Declining Day)||Makki||3|
|104||Humazah (The Traducer)||Makki||9|
|105||Al-Fil (The Elephant)||Makki||5|
|106||Al Quraish (‘Winter’s Quraysh’)||Makki||4|
|107||Maa-‘uun (Small Kindness)||Makki||7|
|108||Al Kausar (Abundance)||Makki||3|
|109||Al-Kafirun (The Disbelievers)||Makki||6|
|111||Al-Lahab (Palm Fibre)||Makki||5|
|112||Ikhlas (The Unity)||Makki||4||Disputed|
|113||Al-Falaq (The Daybreak)||Makki||5||Disputed|
1 thought on “Makki and Madani Surah In Quran”
Very informative explanation of surahs.
جزاك الله خيرا