Do you know how many Makki and Madani Surah are there in the Quran? The Quran contains 114 Surahs in total(one hundred and one forty-four). 89 surahs are Makki and 25 surahs are madani.

There are 114 chapters in the Quran, some of which are Makki and some of which are Madani. The Quran is Islam’s sacred literature, a book that Muslims believe was revealed by Allah.

The word “Quran” literally means “recitation.” Ayats are the verses that make up each surah. In the Quran, certain surahs are Makki surahs and others are Madani surahs.

Difference Between Makki & Madni Surahs?

We will explain the fundamental differences between the Makki and Madani Surahs. As both Makki and Madani Surah have traits that distinguish them from one another.

During the month of Ramadan, the Quran was revealed to the Holy Prophet PBUH for the first time. The first revelation consists of the first five ayahs of Surah Alaq or Iqra, the 96th Surah. After a brief pause, angel Jibrail arrived and recited to the Holy Prophet PBUH the first few ayahs of the 74th Surah (Surah Al-Mudassir). For the next twenty-three years, revelations continued in Makkah and Madinah.

Makki Surah In Quran

The Holy Quran’s Surahs are classified as Makki or Madni depending on when they were revealed.  The Holy Prophet PBUH spent the first thirteen years of his mission in Makkah, and all surahs during this time are referred to as Makki.

Every Surah that has a Sajdah is a Makki Surah. Except for Surah Al-Baqarah, every Surah in which the tale of Adam (A.S) and Iblis (Shaitan) is mentioned is Makki.

Makki Surah refers to surahs having brief verses, a strong rhetorical style, and a rhythmic sound.

The Makki surahs are short and deal with faith in Allah, the Day of Judgement, reward and punishment, and heaven and hell. They are concerned with moral character and offer a call to virtue.

Characteristics of Makki Surahs

Makki Surahs are usually short. They generally state the following:

  • Belief in Allah’s unification.
  • Belief in the Day of Judgement
  • Belief in good deeds being rewarded and bad deeds being punished.
  • Belief in the existence of Heaven and Hell.
  • A person’s moral character.
  • Invitation to virtue.
  • These surahs contain the verses for which Sujud is required.
  • The verses that begin with the word “Never!” (Arabic: kalla) and the verses that come before and after it are Makki.
  • Muqatta’at is the first sura in this collection.
  • These surahs are short, and the verses are as well.
  • Makki surahs are primarily concerned with monotheism, denouncing polytheism.
  • In the verses, there is very little legislation.
  • These verses contain numerous references to prophetic stories (Qisas al-Anbiya).
  • The eloquence of the verses is amazing.
  • “O mankind!” and “O Children of Adam!” are the most common greetings in the passages.

Madani Surah In Quran:

The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) relocated to the city of Madina. And the surahs revealed during his ten years there are known as Madni Surahs. Surahs from Madina focused on establishing Islamic rules, monetary transactions, ethics, family laws, morals, and the relationship between Islam and Muslims and other global religions. The principal sign of Madani Surah is that contains permission for “jihad” or an explanation of its injunctions.

Similarly, every verse that names hypocrites is a Madani Surah, and every verse that mentions the People of the Book is a Madani Surah, with debates with the People of the Book (Jews, Christians). Madani surahs are usually quite long.

Characteristics of Madani Surah

Madani Surah Characteristics are substantially different from Makki Surah Characteristics. These chapters are also usually quite long. They include:

  • Social responsibilities and obligations
  • Permission and Jihad-related commandments.
  • These surahs largely describe the obligations and punishments (hadd).
  • The fundamental characteristics of these surahs are that they express social, legal, governmental, and war and peace rules.
  • The suras are long, and the verses are longer.
  • The first verse begins with the line “O you who believe!”
  • The incorrect ideas of “people of the book” (Arabic: Christians and Jews) are outlined in these verses, and they are then called to Islam.
  • The verses describe the hypocrites’ (Munafiqun) status and deeds, as well as the Prophet’s (s) and Muslims’ attitudes toward them.

The aforementioned traits are not exact and are not always true, and there are exceptions to each of them. Surah al-Baqara (Qur’an 2), for example, tells the story of Prophet Adam (a), but it is not Makki. Surah al-Nasr (Qur’an 110) is short, as are its verses and the state of the surah is similar to the Makki ones, but it is Madani.

Disputed Surahs

Surahs that were partially revealed in Makkah and partially revealed in Medina are disputed Surahs.

There are a total of 82 undisputed Makki Surahs in the Quran, as well as 20 undisputed Madani Surahs. Twelve surahs are disputed, with certain parts revealed in Makkah and the rest in Medina.

As there are 114 surahs in the Quran we have made this table of the total number of Makki and Madani surahs in the Quran, and the number of verses in each surah. In contrast, we have also mentioned the disputed surahs that were revealed in both Makkah & Madina.

List Of Makki and Madni Surah In the Quran

Sura No.Sura NameMakki or MadaniNo. of VersesDisagreement?
1Al-Fatiha (The Opening)Makki7Disputed
2Al Baqarah (TheCow)Madani286
3Al Imran (TheFamilyof’Imraan)Madani200
4An-Nisa‘ (Women)Madani176
5Maaa-‘idah (TheTableSpread)Madani120
6‘An-‘aam (Cattle)Makki165
7‘A’-raaf (TheHeights)Makki206
8‘Anfaal (SpoilsofWar)Madani75
9Tawbah (Repentance)Madani129
10Yunus (Jonah)Makki109
11Huud (Hud)Makki123
12Yusuf (Joseph)Makki111
13Ra’d (TheThunder)Madani43Disputed
14‘Ibraahim (Abraham)Makki52
15‘Al-Hijr (TheRockyTract)Makki99
16Nahl (TheBee)Makki128Disputed
17Bani-‘Is-raaa-‘iil (TheChildrenof’Israel)Makki111
18Al Kahf (TheCave)Makki110
19Maryam (Mary)Makki98
20Taha (Ta-Ha)Makki135
21‘Ambiyaa’ (TheProphets)Makki112
22Al-Hajj (ThePilgrimage)Madani78Disputed
23Mu’-minuun (The Believers)Makki118
24An-Noor (Light)Madani64
25Furqaan (The Criterion of Right and Wrong)Makki77
26Shu-‘araaa’ (ThePoets)Makki227
27An-Naml (TheAnt)Makki93
28Qasas (TheStory)Makki88
29‘Ankabut (TheSpider)Makki69Disputed
30Ruum (Romans)Makki60
31Luqmaan (Luqman)Makki34
32Sajdah (TheProstration)Makki30
33‘Ahzaab (TheClans)Madani73
34Saba’ (Saba)Makki54
35Faatir (TheAngels)Makki45
36Yaseen (YaSin)Makki83
37Sahafat (ThoseWhoSetTheRanks)Makki182
38Saaad (Saad)Makki88
39Zumar (TheTroops)Makki75
40Mu’min (TheBeliever)Makki85
41Fussilat (TheyareExpounded)Makki54
42Shuurah (Counsel)Makki53
43Zukhruf(Ornaments of Gold)Makki89
44Dukhaan (Smoke)Makki59
45Jasiyah (Crouching)Makki37
46‘Ahqaf (TheWind-CurvedSandhills)Makki35
47Muhammad (Muhammad)Madani38Disputed
48Fat-h (Victory)Madani29
49Hujurat (ThePrivateApartments)Madani18
50Qaaaf (Qaf)Makki45
51Zaarayaat (TheWinnowingWinds)Makki60
52Tuur (TheMount)Makki49
53Najm (TheStar)Makki62
54Qamar (TheMoon)Makki55
55Ar Rahman (TheBenficent)Madani78Disputed
56Al-Waqiah(TheEvent)Makki96
57Hadiid (Iron)Madani29
58Majaadalah (SheThatDisputeth)Madani22
59Hashr (Exile)Madani24
60Mumtahanah (SheThatIsToBe Examined)Madani13
61Saff (TheRanks)Madani14Disputed
62Jumu-‘ah (TheCongregation)Madani11
63Munafiqun (TheHypocrites)Madani11
64Taghabun (MutualDisillusion)Madani18Disputed
65Talaq (Divorce)Madani12
66Tahriim (Banning)Madani12
67Al Mulk (TheSovereignty)Makki30
68Qalam (ThePen)Makki52
69Haqqah (TheReality)Makki52
70Ma-‘aarij (TheAsendingStairways)Makki44
71Nuuh (Noah)Makki28
72Jinn (TheJinn)Makki28
73Muzammil (TheEnshroudedOne)Makki20
74Muddassir (The Cloaked One)Makki56
75Qiyamah (TheRisingoftheDead)Makki40
76‘InsaanorDahr (TimeorMan)Madani31Disputed
77Mursalat (TheEmissaries)Makki50
78Naba’ (TheTidings)Makki40
79Naazi-‘aat (ThoseWhoDragForth)Makki46
80‘Abasa (HeFrowned)Makki42Disputed
81Takwir (TheOverthrowing)Makki29
82‘Infitar (TheCleaving)Makki19
83Tatfif (Defrauding)Makki36Disputed
84‘Inshiqaq (TheSundering)Makki25
85Buruuj (TheMansionsoftheStars)Makki22
86Taariq (TheMorningStar)Makki17
87‘A’-laa (TheMostHigh)Makki19
88Ghashiyah (TheOverwhelming)Makki26
89Fajr (The Dawn)Makki30Disputed
90Balad (TheCity)Makki20
91Ash-Shams (The Sun)Makki15
92Layl (TheNight)Makki21Disputed
93Zuhaa (The Morning Hours)Makki11
94‘Inshiraah (Solace)Makki8
95Tiin (The Fig)Makki8
96‘Alaq (The Cloth)Makki19
97Qadr (Power)Makki5Disputed
98Bayyinah (The Clear Proof)Madani8Disputed
99Zilzaal (The Earthquake)Madani8Disputed
100‘Aadi-yaat (The Coursers)Makki11
101‘Al-Qari-‘ah (The Calamity)Makki11
102Takasur (Rivalry in Worldly Increase)Makki8
103‘Asr (The Declining Day)Makki3
104Humazah (The Traducer)Makki9
105Fil (The Elephant)Makki5
106Al Quraish (‘Winter’s Quraysh’)Makki4
107Maa-‘uun (Small Kindness)Makki7
108Al Kausar (Abundance)Makki3
109Al-Kafirun (TheDisbelievers)Makki6
110Nasr (Succour)Madani3Disputed
111Lahab (PalmFibre)Makki5
112Ikhlas (TheUnity)Makki4Disputed
113Al-Falaq (TheDaybreak)Makki5Disputed
114Al-Naas (Mankind)Makki6

 

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